Bed Psd. Upadhya of Ramsikharjhala increased his rice productivity by two times by adopting new methods of rice cultivation. The technology stop him from migration which was his regular job to fulfill his family’s need. Transplantation of young seedlings, in wide distance caused to face him so many blame from the community at the initial stage.
When the productivity increased by more than two times than the normal planting he becomes very happy and his neighbor surprised.
Mr. Upadhya is a marginalized farmer of 47years lived in Ramsikharjhala VDC Ward No 9 Syaukaliya. He has five daughter eldest one got married in the village and have only 5 katha (0.16 ha) of land. He used to migrate for the fulfillment of his families’ food, shelter and cloth every year in search of job after finishing the field work in June and returned back to village in May. He serves as a porter and watchman (locally known as Gorkha Kulli, bhariya and chaukidar) and earn around 3000Ic (4600NC per month) including his own food and shelter and returned with around RS 20000 at the end of May to transplant the rice. His annual income from India and farming in 5 katha of land is not sufficient to support his family need and it is fulfilled by burrowing cash form the land lord. If there is not flood he produces around 1Mt rice, 0.3 Mt wheat, some lentil and oil seed for the family consumption. If flood is taken he could not harvest even a single grain of rice and family situation become more vulnerable. Mr Upadhya is very interested to follow the improve cultivation practice but he has not access with such facility since agriculture service center is far apart form his house.
When first time European Union food facility project strated the programme from settlement level inception meeting in his community. He becomes very happy. He participated in the farmers field school training conducted in the near by VDC (Pahalmanpur). It is his first training in improved agriculture technology he has got in his life. He learned so many things from the school and applied the methods to increase vegetable production in his family and also teaches to his neighbor for cultivating the vegetable seed distributed by project with improved methods.
Finally EUFFP project decided to establish a new farmer’s field school in his VDC in SRI technology. He become very excited and he proposed to the project staff for the establishment of the field school in his field. He promised them to take any risk in yield.
At the initial stage the rice field created very frustration to him. Other neighbors blame him he is causing the death of his family due to starvation. So many time his wife said to the senior project staff how could I rear these small children if the productivity will not be proper.
After the 15 days of transplanting when first weeding were done in the rice field with the weeder machine the rice start to develop with some expectation. Day by day the condition of rice changes radically. The neighbor which blamed him at the initial stage starts to appreciate his work. Farmer’s from other neighboring VDC, technical staff, farmers and project staff visited his field so many times and asked him how you have grown such crop?
Finally his yield increased by two times around 9Mt/ha where as his normal productivity were 3.5 mt/ha.
At the time of field day celebration of the FFS he expressed the job of India could be created in his village if new technology of rice cultivation applied. He further added,” in my more than 3 decades long farming career I never seen such huge number of tiller form a single seedling and such large productivity of rice”. He promise he is not ready to migrate in coming year and requested to other neighbor also not to go India in search of job but start to cultivate rice with this new technology.
SRI is very resource efficient technology and require less water, less seed, less fertilizer and less plant protectant and increase the yield by so many times. Promoting such types technology especially in early season will be very help full to the farmers like Bed P Khatiwada to escape from the starvation caused by flooding in main season.
But they have some challenge to adopt the technology. The main challenge is the irrigation facility. There is no irrigation facility with all the farmers. If there is no irrigation facility the farmers could not adopt the technology. Another factor is the availability of the weeder machine in the local market. Similarly to promote the SRI methods of rice cultivation in early season farmers need to support with the early types of rice variety.
The SRI technology should be promoted through the Farmers field school approach and it would be better if farmers are supported with the weeder and irrigation. This will help them to fight with the spatial hunger caused by flooding.